What are the various venous diseases and their treatment options?

For some reason, people do not deal with vein disorders like they do with other diseases. Statistics bore this out, according to which more than 30 million people suffer from this problem, but only 10% seek treatment.

As any vascular specialist will tell you, ignoring venous diseases only worsens the situation. Contrary to what some people think, these do not go away on their own. Therefore, seeking treatment as soon as the symptoms first appear is crucial.

There are various Vein Treatment Options available that promise to provide immediate relief and effective long-term results. Your doctor will first identify the affected areas, examine the degree of the problem, and then recommend an appropriate solution.

But what are the various diseases affecting the veins? What are the different treatments available?

Types of vein disorders

Chronic venous insufficiency

Chronic venous insufficiency occurs due to improperly functioning valves. The valves inside the veins ensure that the blood flows upwards towards the heart. However, when they get weakened or damaged, the flow is obstructed, causing it to flow backward and accumulate inside the veins, thus causing enlargement.

Some of its symptoms are swelling, skin ulceration, skin changes, swelling, itchiness, fatigue in the legs, and the appearance of dark blue, swollen purple veins. It results from factors like deep vein thrombosis, age, genetics, standing for long periods, and leg injury.

May Thurner Syndrome

It is caused by the left iliac vein compressing the right iliac artery. The left vein transports blood from the pelvis and legs to the heart. However, when compressed, it leads to blood clots forming below your skin.

It is characterized by leg swelling, ulceration, varicose veins, and pelvic congestion syndrome.

Spider veins

Also called telangiectasia, these are smaller in size compared to varicose veins and get their name by their resemblance to spiders’ webs. Even though they are visible to the naked eye, they don’t cause a bulge in the skin.

Although most people prefer having them removed for aesthetic reasons, they often indicate chronic venous disease.

Spider-shaped veins appear for various reasons, including venous insufficiency, hormonal changes, excessive weight gain, or genetics.

Types of treatment options

Radiofrequency ablation

Doctors perform this minimally invasive procedure using a catheter and radiofrequency generator. The doctor inserts a catheter into the affected vein, which heats and seals it from the inside.

Even though the vein remains the same, it loses its capacity to carry blood any longer. It involves no surgery, minimal anesthesia, and very little recovery time.

Microphlebectomy

The specialist performs the procedure using an 18-gauge needle or an 11 scalpel through which they make tiny cuts in the skin to remove the problematic vein. Doctors also perform it in combination with other treatments, including radiofrequency.

The process is between 30 minutes to an hour and causes minimal pain as doctors provide anesthesia before the operation.

Ultrasound sclerotherapy

Specialists use duplex ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves) to inject a chemical into the affected vein, causing it to collapse. Even though it remains where it was, it loses its capacity to carry blood.

Since there are various vein treatment options available, you should receive them at the signs of the first symptoms. It is better to receive treatment from an advanced peripheral vascular specialist equipped with the latest technology and uses minimally invasive procedures.