Surrogacy Ireland is not regulated by law. Therefore, many Irish couples who turn to surrogate motherhood must travel abroad—usually to the United States or Ukraine—where this method of assisted reproduction is considered legal. In jurisdictions where surrogacy is legal, the intended parents of children born through a surrogate arrangement are recognized as that child’s legitimate parents.
This rule no longer applies once the child returns home to Ireland. And although all proposed versions of the Surrogacy Act have attempted to change this provision, none have succeeded in doing so. In Ireland, a surrogate is considered the child’s legitimate mother. The intended mother never can be recognized as such under Irish law—even if she provided an egg used to form the embryo which was implanted into a surrogate.
Under the Children and Family Relations Act 2015, a prospective mother may be recognized by a court as the caretaker of her baby two years after its birth. However, custody is only a legal concept that provides for parental responsibility. Custody ends when one turns 18, regardless of whether the child was born to a surrogate mother or not. In an international surrogacy scenario, the prospective father may be recognized as the parent and caretaker of the just-born baby if his name appears on its birth certificate. However, he must be the genetic father.
In 2015 Irish law took a step towards the LGBT community by allowing same-sex marriage, and recognizing one as legal. For a gay couple to raise a child together in Ireland, two women are usually involved: one who will donate her egg and the other who will carry the pregnancy. Under current laws, surrogate mothers would be considered legal parents of children they carried if those kids were biologically theirs. But when the chain of custody is broken and a prospective father claims parental rights over the genetic connection to his child, it is hard for him to claim paternal authority.
This approach simplifies the surrogacy Ireland journey legally—but at a cost. Unfortunately, this option is available only to men; female gay couples are forced to seek solutions elsewhere. In Ireland, a mother cannot be recognized by DNA —even if she’s genetically related!
This is why many intended parents look to countries such as Colombia and Mexico, where medical and legal procedures are relatively affordable. These governments also take a supportive approach to surrogacy. Not like surrogacy in Ireland.
Several historical civilizations, including Egypt, Greece, and Rome, have left behind evidence of surrogacy agreements, indicating that the practice has been prevalent for thousands of years. Surrogacy as we know it now is a relatively young practice that has developed over the past century.
The earliest known instance of surrogacy in the United States dates back to the early 1900s and involves a couple who paid a lady to bear their kid. Unfortunately, there were no rules or regulations governing the practice of surrogacy at the time, and no laws existed to control it.
With the advent of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and other cutting-edge reproductive technologies in the 1970s, surrogacy attracted increased discussion and controversy. In 1985, the first gestational surrogacy was carried out in the United States, in which a surrogate mother bears a child generated through IVF using the sperm and egg of the intending parents or donated gametes.
Since then, surrogacy has grown in popularity and acceptance, while it is still debatable in some regions of the world. Surrogacy is subject to several legal restrictions, and some nations explicitly forbid it.
Altruistic surrogacy, in which the surrogate mother does not receive financial compensation, and international surrogacy, in which intended parents seek out surrogacy services in nations where it is permitted and frequently less expensive, are two recent examples of the various arrangements that have emerged as a result of surrogacy’s evolution.
Surrogacy has a rich and varied history, and there are still disagreements and arguments about its ethical, legal, and societal ramifications.
Surrogacy Agency In Ireland: Why is it worth choosing this?
Many people who choose to become parents through surrogacy face difficulties during the process. An experienced agency can help with these difficulties. If a couple decides to use an surrogacy agency in Ireland, their journey is guaranteed to be more enjoyable and easier.
Surrogate pregnancy is a time-consuming and complicated process for Irish couples who approach it on their own. Legal implications make the journey more difficult for intended parents in Ireland than Americans or citizens of many other nations, who can access international surrogates much easier
Surrogacy Cost In Ireland: Is it expensive?
The resolution of these issues does not require additional costs. However, the central part of the expenses is in clinic services and IVF procedures—the price for which varies widely depending on where one lives. Total prices range from 30,000 to 150,000 euros depending on the country. Here is the Surrogacy Cost In Ireland.
Commonly, agencies’ comprehensive packages include:
- In-Vitro Fertilization and embryo transfer fees
- pregnancy care and medical services payments
- gestational carrier compensation
- legal support and supervision charges
- surrogacy agency fees
Such a surrogate agreement helps to bring down six-figure price tags to affordable prices.
Traditional and gestational surrogacy are two different methods that can be distinguished based on the genetic makeup of the egg. Compared to traditional surrogacy, gestational surrogacy is more prevalent and is thought to be less complicated legally.
Traditional surrogacy, sometimes referred to as partial, natural, or straight surrogacy, occurs when the intended father’s or a donor’s sperm fertilizes the surrogate’s egg.
The surrogate might be inseminated either naturally through sex or artificially through insemination. A child born with the use of donor sperm is not genetically connected to either of the intended parent(s). The offspring are genetically connected to both the intended father and the surrogate if the intended father’s sperm is used in the insemination.
The insemination may occasionally be carried out privately by the partners without the assistance of a medical professional. In some states, the intended parents who used donor sperm must go through the adoption procedure in order to be granted legal custody of the offspring. The legal process is aided by numerous fertility clinics that offer surrogacy.
The first successful gestational surrogacy often referred to as host or full surrogacy, occurred in April 1986. In vitro fertilization (IVF) technique is used to implant an embryo in a surrogate, also known as a gestational carrier. There are various types of gestational surrogacy, and in each type, the offspring is genetically unrelated to the surrogate:
- The intended mother’s eggs and the planned father’s sperm are used to form the embryo
- a donated egg and the sperm of the intended father are used to form the embryo
- With donor sperm and the intended mother’s egg, an embryo is produced
- An embryo from a donor is implanted into a surrogate. Such an embryo might be accessible if individuals undergoing IVF have extra embryos that they donate to others. Genetically, the offspring is unrelated to the intended parent(s)
All individuals involved facing considerable physical, psychological, and legal risks during the complex process of surrogacy. A few of the risks of surrogacy include:
- Health Risks – The surrogate mother may be at risk for health problems due to the variety of medical procedures involved in surrogacy, including hormone treatment, egg harvesting, and embryo transfer. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, infection, hemorrhage, and blood clots are some of these dangers.
- Emotional risks – Surrogacy can be emotionally taxing for everyone involved, but it can be especially difficult for the surrogate mother, who could feel attached to and bereaved after giving birth. If the surrogacy is unsuccessful, the intended parents could also experience emotional difficulties like worry, stress, and disappointment.
- Legal Risks – Surrogacy regulations vary widely between nations and might be difficult to understand. There is also a chance that custody, parental rights, and other legal difficulties will result in court battles.
- Financial risks – Medical procedures, legal expenses, and surrogate mother compensation can make surrogacy costly. If the surrogacy does not work out, the intended parents run the danger of suffering large financial damages.
- Social Risks – Because surrogacy is sometimes seen negatively by family, friends, and society as a whole, intended parents and surrogate moms may experience stigma, prejudice, and social rejection.
Before deciding to pursue surrogacy, it is crucial to carefully weigh all of these risks and to obtain guidance and help from a knowledgeable medical and legal specialist.
Many elements, such as the kind of surrogacy, the medical procedures involved, and the emotional and legal issues, might affect the outcomes of surrogacy. The following are some possible results of surrogacy:
- Successful conception and delivery – The main objective of surrogacy is to have a successful conception and delivery that results in a healthy child for the intended parents. The success rates of surrogacy have increased over time as a result of improvements in reproductive treatments.
- Emotional satisfaction – Both the intended parents and the surrogate mother may experience emotional satisfaction as a result of the surrogacy. The surrogate mother can enjoy the satisfaction of assisting others in realizing their dream of becoming parents, and the intended parents can fulfill their desire to have a child.
- Legal recognition – The intended parents can become legally recognized as the child’s parents by following the correct legal processes, which can offer security and peace of mind.
- Difficulties and hazards – As previously indicated, surrogacy can come with a number of difficulties and risks, such as health issues, psychological stress, legal issues, and financial costs.
- Impact on family dynamics – Family connections, both those with the surrogate mother and those between the child’s intended parents and themselves, can be affected by surrogacy.
Depending on a number of conditions, the results of surrogacy might be either favorable or unfavorable. When choosing to pursue surrogacy, it is crucial to thoroughly weigh all of these variables and seek expert counsel.
Indications for Surrogacy
When women are unable to carry children on their own, surrogacy is frequently chosen. Several factors can contribute to this, such as a malformed uterus or the complete absence of a uterus, either congenitally (also known as Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome) or following a hysterectomy. Due to birth-related issues including excessive bleeding or a damaged uterus, women may need to have a hysterectomy. The uterus may need to be surgically removed due to medical conditions including endometrial cancer or cervical cancer. Women may also be prompted to seek surrogacy by prior implantation failures, a history of numerous losses, or coexisting serious cardiac or renal diseases that might make pregnancy hazardous. The biological impossibility of same-sex relationships and lone men bearing children may also point to surrogacy as a viable alternative.